Become a Patron

Asia Elects: Calendar

The table below considers national parliament, and presidential elections in Asian states and territories, including national parliament by-elections. It includes regional elections and some local elections where these are held on a national basis or involve a capital city. โ€œNational parliamentโ€ in bicameral systems refers to the lower house unless specified otherwise.

The tilde (~) indicates that the election will occur in or around that month and no election date has been set yet. If only a month is mentioned, the election will take place in the month, but no date has been set yet. Elections in states marked with asterisks (*) are not considered free or fair. National parliament and presidential elections, as well as regional elections in any federation and in unitary states with more than 40 million inhabitants, are covered live on our social media. Local elections are also covered in some cases, typically in capitals of first-level administrative divisions and in cities with a population larger than one million.

ย 

2024
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡น Bhutan National parliamentย (second round) 9 January

๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ Bangladesh*

National parliament

7 January

๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Otsu mayor 21 January
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต Nepal National parliament (upper house) 25 January

๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ Pakistan

Maebashi mayor
Kyoto City mayor

National parliament

4 February

8 February

๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Indonesia Presidential
National parliament
14 February
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ทย Iran* National parliament 1 March
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต North Korea* National parliament 11 March
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Kumamoto prefectural executive (governor) 24 March
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Tokushima City mayor 7 April
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท South Korea National parliament 10 April
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India National parliament

April

๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan National parliament by-elections 28 April
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Okinawa prefectural parliament 16 June
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ณ Mongolia National parliament 28 June
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Tokyo prefectural executive (governor)
Kagoshima prefectural executive (governor)
7 July
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต North Korea* Local ~July
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Indonesia Provincial parliaments
Regional parliaments
Local
27 November
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Toyama prefectural executive (governor) November
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Okayama prefectural executive (governor) November
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Utsunomiya mayor November
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Tochigi prefectural executive (governor) December
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Kagoshima City mayor December
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญThailand Local ~December
2025
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan National parliament (upper house) ~July
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan National parliament (lower house) by 29 October
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia Sabah regional parliament by December
2026
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡น Bhutan Local ~January
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญThailand Bangkok local presidential (gubernational) and parliament ~May
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท South Korea Local ~June
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญ Bahrain* National parliament
Local parliaments
~December
2027
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia Malacca regional parliament by January
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท South Korea Presidential 10 April
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan Prefectural/municipal (various, simultaneous) ~April
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia Sarawak regional parliament by April
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ Timor-Leste Presidential ~April
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia Johor regional parliament by May
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญThailand National parliament ~May
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ Cambodia* Local ~June
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India Presidential ~July
2028
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia National parliament
Pahang regional parliament
Perak regional parliament
Perils regional parliament
by January
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ Bangladesh Presidential (indirect) ~February
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China* Presidential (indirect) ~March
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ Timor-Leste National parliament ~May
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ Cambodia* National parliament ~July
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia Kedah regional parliament
Kelantan regional parliament
Negeri Sembilan regional parliament
Penang regional parliament
Selangor regional parliament
Terengganu regional parliament
by April

Notes: Afghanistan and Brunei do not hold any elections.
National: The executive in Cambodia, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, and the United Arab Emirates is not elected. National parliament elections in China* are not direct. The national parliament in Saudi Arabia is not elected.
Regional:
Local: Local (mayoral + parliament) election dates in Bangladesh vary by subnational entity.

Visit our electoral archive here